Document Detail


Measures of cardiac contractility variability during ischemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19964341     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the leading causes of death in the US. While heart rate variability (HRV) has been widely studied for ischemia detection, the changes in cardiac contractility variability have not yet been explored. This paper presents novel variability analysis using 23 linear and non-linear measures during myocardial ischemia. Multiple physiologic measures of cardiac contractility and heart rate variability are analyzed and compared before and after acute coronary artery occlusion in a swine model. Change in the spread of the Poincare plot of RR intervals was highly negatively correlated with the change in contractility reflective of ischemia (r=-0.92, p<0.05). The change in approximate entropy of the S1 heart sound intensity was also highly correlated (r=0.96, p<0.05) with the change in contractility due to ischemia. These preliminary results show the potential utility of nonlinear measures of variability to detect changes in the autonomic tone due to ischemia. These parameters, if measured continuously, may be used for early detection of AMI events in patients with implantable devices. Further research in a larger clinical study is warranted to confirm these findings.
Authors:
Abhilash Patangay; Yi Zhang; Aaron Lewicke
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  2009     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-07     Completed Date:  2010-04-22     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4198-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Biomedical Engineering / methods
Blood Pressure
Electrocardiography / methods
Entropy
Equipment Design
Heart Rate
Heart Ventricles
Models, Cardiovascular
Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
Myocardial Ischemia*
Oxygen / metabolism
Reproducibility of Results
Risk
Swine
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
S88TT14065/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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