Document Detail


Measures of affect and nicotine dependence predict differential response to smoking cessation treatments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1460156     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Smokers (N = 126) were randomly assigned to 6-session smoking cessation treatments consisting of 1 of 2 counseling strategies (skills training or support) and 1 of 2 nicotine exposure strategies (nicotine gum or rapid smoking). Counseling and nicotine strategies were completely crossed; all four combinations resulted in equivalent 1-year abstinence rates. Skills training produced higher initial cessation and more coping responses posttreatment than did support. Rapid smoking, but not nicotine gum, produced tachycardia to the taste of cigarettes posttreatment, consistent with cigarette aversion. The treatments were differentially effective among subpopulations of smokers: Subjects high in pretreatment negative affect responded best to support counseling; those low in pretreatment negative affect responded best to skills training. Self-reports of pretreatment craving predicted response to the nicotine exposure treatments.
Authors:
D C Zelman; T H Brandon; D E Jorenby; T B Baker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of consulting and clinical psychology     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0022-006X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  1992 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-13     Completed Date:  1993-01-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0136553     Medline TA:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  943-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Affect / drug effects*
Arousal / drug effects
Aversive Therapy
Chewing Gum
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Nicotine / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Smoking / psychology*
Smoking Cessation / psychology*
Social Support
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / prevention & control,  psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 285197-03//PHS HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum; 54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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