Document Detail

Measurement of resting energy expenditure in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15228567     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The method for measurement of basal metabolic rate (BMR) using indirect calorimetry in adults is well established but is impractical in infants. METHODS: In this prospective study energy expenditure was measured using indirect calorimetry in 14 infants when sleeping and when lying quietly awake. RESULTS: Sleeping metabolic rate (SMR) was lower than energy expenditure (EE) measured in the same infants in a quiet resting state (mean difference [SD]: 297 [162] kJ/d; P < 0.005; 55 [33.4] kJ/kg per day; P < 0.005). The correlation within individuals suggests that these differences are related to the level of arousal. Awake EE, but not SMR, was significantly greater than estimated BMR using the FAO/WHO/UNU predictive equation. CONCLUSIONS: In infants, the level of arousal during measurement of EE can significantly impact on the interpretation of EE results. A standardized method for the measurement of EE in infants using indirect calorimetry is proposed.
J E Bines; H D Truby
Related Documents :
9699737 - Development of skin barrier function in premature infants.
12844077 - Heat-related deaths--chicago, illinois, 1996-2001, and united states, 1979-1999.
12015647 - Infant's physiological response to short heat stress during sauna bath.
887337 - A simple device for reducing insensible water loss in low-birth-weight infants.
25000447 - Risk factors and neonatal/infant mortality risk of small-for-gestational-age and preter...
1396287 - Two different low birth weight formulae compared.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of paediatrics and child health     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1034-4810     ISO Abbreviation:  J Paediatr Child Health     Publication Date:  2004 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-01     Completed Date:  2004-09-24     Revised Date:  2007-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005421     Medline TA:  J Paediatr Child Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  380-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Gastroenterology and Clinical Nutrition, Royal Children's Hospital, Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Basal Metabolism*
Calorimetry, Indirect / methods*
Cystic Fibrosis / metabolism*
Oxygen Consumption
Prospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Comparison of selected reasons for hospitalization of children among children's/tertiary hospitals, ...
Next Document:  Arterial ischaemic stroke in children.