Document Detail

Measurement of regional elastic properties of the human aorta. A new application of transesophageal echocardiography with automated border detection and calibrated subclavian pulse tracings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7923675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of regional aortic elastic properties in humans has been hampered by the need for invasive techniques to access instantaneous aortic pressure, wall thickness, and cross-sectional area or diameter. In this study, a new noninvasive method is presented for quantification of regional aortic elastic properties. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were studied during transesophageal echocardiographic procedures. Measurements of instantaneous aortic cross-sectional area were obtained with an automated border detection algorithm applied to short-axis transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiographic images of the proximal descending thoracic aorta. Instantaneous aortic wall thickness was derived from combined two-dimensional targeted M-mode end-diastolic wall thickness and instantaneous aortic area measurements. Instantaneous aortic pressures were estimated from calibrated subclavian pulse tracings recorded simultaneously. Data were digitized to generate aortic area-pressure loops. Regional aortic mechanical properties were quantified in terms of compliance per unit length (C is the slope of the area-pressure regression), aortic midwall radius (Rm), and incremental elastic modulus of the aortic wall (Einc). To assess the independent effect of age, Rm and Einc values were compared at a common level of aortic midwall stress (0.666 x 10(6) dynes/cm2). Mean values (+/- SD) for C, Rm, and Einc were 0.01 +/- 0.004 cm2/mm Hg, 1.14 +/- 0.17 cm, and 7.059 +/- 4.091 x 10(6) dynes/cm2, respectively. An inverse linear correlation was found between aortic compliance per unit length and age (r = -.68, P < .0007). Incremental elastic modulus was related to age (r = +.80, P < .00003) in a nonlinear fashion such that it increased sharply after the age of 60 years. Finally, midwall radius was less tightly correlated with age (r = +.45, P < .05). Values for C, Rm, and Einc as well as the age dependency of these properties are similar to those reported previously when invasive techniques were used. CONCLUSIONS: This methodology constitutes a new tool to improve the clinical evaluation of regional aortic elastic properties in multiple disease states.
R M Lang; B P Cholley; C Korcarz; R H Marcus; S G Shroff
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  90     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1994 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-11-10     Completed Date:  1994-11-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1875-82     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
University of Chicago Hospitals, Department of Medicine, Ill.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology
Aorta / physiology*,  ultrasonography*
Blood Pressure
Echocardiography, Transesophageal*
Middle Aged
Models, Cardiovascular
Subclavian Artery / ultrasonography*
Grant Support

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