Document Detail

Measurement of limb venous compliance in humans: technical considerations and physiological findings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10517791     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We conducted a series of studies to develop and test a rapid, noninvasive method to measure limb venous compliance in humans. First, we measured forearm volume (mercury-in-Silastic strain gauges) and antecubital intravenous pressure during inflation of a venous collecting cuff around the upper arm. Intravenous pressure fit the regression line, -0.3 +/- 0.7 + 0.95 +/- 0.02. cuff pressure (r = 0.99 +/- 0.00), indicating cuff pressure is a good index of intravenous pressure. In subsequent studies, we measured forearm and calf venous compliance by inflating the venous collecting cuff to 60 mmHg for 4 min, then decreasing cuff pressure at 1 mmHg/s (over 1 min) to 0 mmHg, using cuff pressure as an estimate of venous pressure. This method produced pressure-volume curves fitting the quadratic regression (Deltalimb volume) = beta(0) + beta(1). (cuff pressure) + beta(2). (cuff pressure)(2), where Delta is change. Curves generated with this method were reproducible from day to day (coefficient of variation: 4.9%). In 11 subjects we measured venous compliance via this method under two conditions: with and without (in random order) superimposed sympathetic activation (ischemic handgrip exercise to fatigue followed by postexercise ischemia). Calf and forearm compliance did not differ between control and sympathetic activation (P > 0.05); however, the data suggest that unstressed volume was reduced by the maneuver. These studies demonstrate that venous pressure-volume curves can be generated both rapidly and noninvasively with this technique. Furthermore, the results suggest that although whole-limb venous compliance is under negligible sympathetic control in humans, unstressed volume can be affected by the sympathetic nervous system.
J R Halliwill; C T Minson; M J Joyner
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  87     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1999 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-17     Completed Date:  1999-11-17     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1555-63     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Anesthesiology and General Clinical Research Center, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure
Blood Pressure Determination / instrumentation
Extremities / blood supply*
Forearm / blood supply
Muscle, Skeletal / blood supply
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiology
Time Factors
Veins / physiology
Grant Support

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