Document Detail


Measurement of erythrocyte volumes in splenectomized horses and sham-operated horses at rest and during maximal exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9342694     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Erythrocyte volumes of thoroughbred horses were measured. The volumes of splenectomized horses and sham-operated horses 2 hr after injection of 50Cr-tagged erythrocytes (at rest) and during maximal exercise were measured using the non-radioactive isotope 50Cr. Because splenic erythrocytes are released into circulation during exercise, it was estimated that the erythrocyte volumes of the sham-operated horses during maximal exercise are larger than those of the horses at rest. However, the erythrocyte volumes of the sham-operated horses at rest were about equal to those during maximal exercise. In the splenectomized horses, furthermore, erythrocyte volumes at rest and those at exercise were nearly equal. From these results, blood stored in the equine spleen is gradually mixed with circulating blood, and it was clarified that the phenomenon was completed within 2 hr. Although it is basically impossible to measure the circulating erythrocyte volume at rest using the erythrocyte tagged method, we observed that it is possible to measure the total erythrocyte volume using the 50Cr method. Also, the plasma volumes of the splenectomized horses during maximal exercise were found to be slightly smaller than those at rest. On the other hand, in the sham-operated horses, the plasma was decreased by a large quantity after maximal exercise. Therefore, it was suggested that the spleen participates in the phenomenon involving the disappearance of plasma from circulation due to exercise.
Authors:
I Kunugiyama; N Ito; M Narizuka; S Kataoka; Y Furukawa; A Hiraga; M Kai; K Kubo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0916-7250     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vet. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  1997 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-01-12     Completed Date:  1998-01-12     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9105360     Medline TA:  J Vet Med Sci     Country:  JAPAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  733-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Radiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Kitasato University, Aomori, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Proteins / analysis
Chromium Isotopes
Erythrocyte Volume / physiology*
Female
Horses / blood*,  physiology*
Male
Physical Conditioning, Animal / physiology*
Rest / physiology*
Spectrometry, Gamma / methods,  veterinary
Splenectomy / veterinary*
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Proteins; 0/Chromium Isotopes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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