Document Detail

Measurement of digital blood pressure after local cooling.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  591484     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A double-inlet plastic cuff was designed for local cooling and systolic blood pressure measurement on the middle phalanx of the fingers. With a tourniquet on the proximal phalanx of one finger, cooling for 5 min made the digital artery temperature equal the skin temperature. The difference between the systolic pressure in a control finger and in the cooled finger give the reopening pressure in the digital arteries. At 30, 25, 20, 15, and 10 degrees C, respectively the percent decrease of the finger pressure was 0.2 (0.2), 1.5 (2.5), 8.5 (3.7), 11.4 (3.4), and 15.3 (3.1) in normal young women. In patients with primary or secondary Raynaud's phenomenon, the arterial tone showed an abrupt increase that most often led to complete closure of the digital arteries. The pathological response was expressed as an increased threshold temperature or a well-defined closing temperature that showed only small variations during standardized conditions.
S L Nielsen; N A Lassen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1977 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1978-02-18     Completed Date:  1978-02-18     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  907-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Cold Temperature*
Fingers / blood supply*
Raynaud Disease / diagnosis,  physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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