Document Detail


Measurement of cardiac output by electrical impedance plethysmography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3613546     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There are many potential applications for cardiac output measurement in clinical and experimental medicine. The most commonly used techniques are invasive procedures, requiring cardiac or arterial catheterization, a disadvantage that has restricted their wider application. Impedance plethysmography has been developed as a non-invasive, beat-by-beat method of cardiac output measurement, which provides an estimate of stroke volume from changes in the electrical impedance of the thorax during cardiac systole. The values for cardiac output obtained by this technique have been extensively compared with values obtained by other methods, both in experimental animals and in the human subject. In the majority of studies high correlation coefficients have been obtained, although impedance plethysmography has tended to give higher absolute values than most other methods. Values for cardiac output obtained by impedance plethysmography are best assessed by comparison with a series of normal values obtained by this technique, rather than with values obtained by other methods. We discuss the results of an investigation of normal cardiac output by impedance plethysmography; theoretical objections to impedance cardiography are considered, and various methods of determining the specific resistivity of blood are reviewed.
Authors:
J M Porter; I D Swain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical engineering     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0141-5425     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomed Eng     Publication Date:  1987 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-09-24     Completed Date:  1987-09-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7906074     Medline TA:  J Biomed Eng     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  222-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Biomedical Engineering
Cardiac Output*
Cardiography, Impedance*
Child
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Humans
Middle Aged
Plethysmography, Impedance*
Reference Values
Vascular Resistance

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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