Document Detail

Measurement of body fat in individuals with tetraplegia: a comparison of eight clinical methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7478730     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a unique condition that markedly alters body composition, raising the possibility of having undefined effects on the traditional assumptions for body composition. In order to determine appropriate methods for the analysis of body composition in this population, 12 subjects with tetraplegia were studied for absolute weight as fat and percent fat by the following methods; bioelectrical impedance (BIA), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), total body potassium (TBK), total body water (TBW), and four anthropometric methods: Durnin and Womersley (DUR), Jackson and Pollack (J and P), Sloan (SLN) and Steinkamp et al (STK). The eight methods were compared with the mean of all means (24.4 +/- 2.2% fat), which was assumed to be the best estimate of percent fat. Four methods: BIA, DEXA, TBW and STK were not significantly different, while TBK, DUR, J&P and SLN were significantly (P < 0.009) different from the mean of the means. Using only the non-significantly different methods, repeat computation revealed TBW to have the smallest difference from the mean (0.1 +/- 2.8%), and DEXA to have the strongest correlation with the line of identity (r = 0.96, P < 0.0001). In conclusion, BIA, DEXA, TBW, and STK are equally valuable for estimating fat in those with tetraplegia.
A M Spungen; W A Bauman; J Wang; R N Pierson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Paraplegia     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0031-1758     ISO Abbreviation:  Paraplegia     Publication Date:  1995 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-05     Completed Date:  1995-12-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985038R     Medline TA:  Paraplegia     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  402-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Spinal Cord Damage Research Center, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon
Body Composition / physiology*
Body Water / metabolism
Body Weight / physiology
Electric Impedance
Lipid Metabolism*
Potassium / analysis
Quadriplegia / metabolism*
Skinfold Thickness
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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