Document Detail


Measurement of biomass activity in drinking water biofilters using a respirometric method.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11317894     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A simple respirometric method was developed and applied for the measurement of biomass activity in bench-scale drinking water biofilters. The results obtained with the new method, i.e. biomass respiration potential (BRP), indicated a high sensitivity allowing the quantification of the activity of low amounts of biomass. The analysis of duplicate samples showed a reasonable reproducibility, i.e. average coefficient of variation of 14% (n = 19). The calculation of the ratio between biomass activity and the amount of viable biomass (phospholipid) at different filter depths indicated a substantial increase of this ratio with filter depth. This indicated an increased biomass activity per unit amount of viable biomass deeper in the biofilters, where biofilm thickness is low. The comparison of the filter profiles of biomass activity and dissolved biodegradable organic matter (BOM), expressed as theoretical oxygen demand, showed a high correlation between these profiles. Consequently, BRP results appear to be good indicators of the BOM removal capacity of the filter biomass. Therefore, BRP results can potentially be used in certain cases instead of BOM measurements for the assessment of the BOM removal capacity of drinking water biofilters, operated under different conditions. This is important because of the relative complexity of the measurements of BOM surrogates, e.g. assimilable organic carbon and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon, and BOM components.
Authors:
D Urfer; P M Huck
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0043-1354     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Res.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-24     Completed Date:  2001-08-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0105072     Medline TA:  Water Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1469-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
NSERC Chair in Water Treatment, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada N2L 3G1. danielurfer@rwb.ch
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Biomass*
Filtration / instrumentation*
Oxygen / metabolism*
Sensitivity and Specificity
Water Supply*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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