Document Detail

Measurement and analysis of the relationship between ammonia, acid gases, and fine particles in eastern North Carolina.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15149049     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An annular denuder system, which consisted of a cyclone separator; two diffusion denuders coated with sodium carbonate and citric acid, respectively; and a filter pack consisting of Teflon and nylon filters in series, was used to measure acid gases, ammonia (NH3), and fine particles in the atmosphere from April 1998 to March 1999 in eastern North Carolina (i.e., an NH3-rich environment). The sodium carbonate denuders yielded average acid gas concentrations of 0.23 microg/m3 hydrochloric acid (standard deviation [SD] +/- 0.2 microg/m3); 1.14 microg/m3 nitric acid (SD +/- 0.81 microg/m3), and 1.61 microg/m3 sulfuric acid (SD +/- 1.58 microg/m3). The citric acid denuders yielded an average concentration of 17.89 microg/m3 NH3 (SD +/- 15.03 microg/m3). The filters yielded average fine aerosol concentrations of 1.64 microg/m3 ammonium (NH4+; SD +/- 1.26 microg/m3); 0.26 microg/m3 chloride (SD +/- 0.69 microg/m3), 1.92 microg/m3 nitrate (SD +/- 1.09 microg/m3), and 3.18 microg/m3 sulfate (SO4(2-); SD +/- 3.12 microg/m3). From seasonal variation, the measured particulates (NH4+, SO4(2-), and nitrate) showed larger peak concentrations during summer, suggesting that the gas-to-particle conversion was efficient during summer. The aerosol fraction in this study area indicated the domination of ammonium sulfate particles because of the local abundance of NH3, and the long-range transport of SO4(2-) based on back trajectory analysis. Relative humidity effects on gas-to-particle conversion processes were analyzed by particulate NH4+ concentration originally formed from the neutralization processes with the secondary pollutants in the atmosphere.
Bok Haeng Baek; Viney P Aneja
Related Documents :
22125139 - New advances in amino acid profiling by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionizati...
62499 - Effect of acetic and trans-aconitic acids on citric acid production by aspergillus niger.
14511709 - Copper catalysis in chloroform formation during water chlorination.
11771579 - Tetracycline hcl solution as a root canal irrigant.
21822779 - Process for detecting helicobacter pylori using aliphatic amides.
16343829 - Citric acid prolongs the gastro-retention of a floating dosage form and increases bioav...
8050099 - Structure of a hexasaccharide proximal to the hydrophobic region of lipopolysaccharides...
7773619 - The specific inhibition of crystal growth of monohydrogen potassium l-tartrate by d-cat...
3574439 - Mycotoxin formation in moist 2-row and 6-row barley during granary storage.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)     Volume:  54     ISSN:  1096-2247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-19     Completed Date:  2004-06-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503111     Medline TA:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  623-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Marine, Earth, and Atmospheric Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Acids / analysis*
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Ammonia / analysis*
Environmental Monitoring
Models, Theoretical*
North Carolina
Particle Size
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Acids; 0/Air Pollutants; 7664-41-7/Ammonia

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Development of a hazardous air pollutants monitoring program using the Data Quality Objectives proce...
Next Document:  Visiting preferences of patients in the intensive care unit and in a complex care medical unit.