Document Detail


The McGurk effect in infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9136265     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In the McGurk effect, perceptual identification of auditory speech syllables is influenced by simultaneous presentation of discrepant visible speech syllables. This effect has been found in subjects of different ages and with various native language backgrounds. But no McGurk tests have been conducted with prelinguistic infants. In the present series of experiments, 5-month-old English-exposed infants were tested for the McGurk effect. Infants were first gaze-habituated to an audiovisual /va/. Two different dishabituation stimuli were then presented: audio /ba/-visual /va/ (perceived by adults as /va/), and audio /da/-visual /va/ (perceived by adults as /da/). The infants showed generalization from the audiovisual /va/ to the audio /ba/-visual /va/ stimulus but not to the audio /da/-visual /va/ stimulus. Follow-up experiments revealed that these generalization differences were not due to a general preference for the audio /da/-visual /va/ stimulus or to the auditory similarity of /ba/ to /va/ relative to /da/. These results suggest that the infants were visually influenced in the same way as English-speaking adults are visually influenced.
Authors:
L D Rosenblum; M A Schmuckler; J A Johnson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perception & psychophysics     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0031-5117     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Psychophys     Publication Date:  1997 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-30     Completed Date:  1997-05-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0200445     Medline TA:  Percept Psychophys     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-57     Citation Subset:  C    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside 92521, USA. rosenblu@citrus.ucr.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Humans
Infant
Language
Male
Speech Perception*
Visual Perception

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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