Document Detail

The Maya ball game. Comparison of the physical load with modern ball games.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19246899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The Maya ball game (MBG) originated more than 3,000 years ago. As best as is now known from archaeological and iconographical sources as well as the structure of the sport courts, this was a very physically taxing and important part of Mayan culture. The objective of this paper was to determine the physical load on those who participated in MBG as best as could be done from present perspectives. The load appears to be similar to that observed in soccer-tennis, in which heart rate rises to 140-160 beats/min and systolic blood pressure to 150-170 mm Hg. This is considered a light-to-moderate workload (4.5-5.5 metabolic equivalents) comparable to intensities reached in baseball, cycling (10 km/h), cross-country skiing (7 km/h), tournament dancing, swimming (2 km/h), doubles tennis and hiking (7 km/h). Thus, the cardiovascular demands of popular sports seem to have remained relatively similar through several millennia.
Gerhard Blümchen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article     Date:  2009-02-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology     Volume:  113     ISSN:  1421-9751     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiology     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-02     Completed Date:  2009-09-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1266406     Medline TA:  Cardiology     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
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MeSH Terms
Central America
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
History, 21st Century
History, Ancient
Indians, Central American / history*
Indians, North American / history*
Physical Education and Training / history*
Physical Exertion
Sports / history*,  physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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