Document Detail


Maximum ingested food size in captive strepsirrhine primates: scaling and the effects of diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20333710     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Little is known about ingested food size (V(b)) in primates, even though this variable has potentially important effects on food intake and processing. This study provides the first data on V(b) in strepsirrhine primates using a captive sample of 17 species. These data can be used for generating and testing models of feeding energetics. Strepsirrhines are of interest because they are hypometabolic and chewing rate and daily feeding time do not show a significant scaling relationship with body size. Using melon, carrot, and sweet potato we found that maximum V(b) scales isometrically with body mass and mandible length. Low dietary quality in larger strepsirrhines might explain why V(b) increases with body size at a greater rate than does resting metabolic rate. Relative to body size, V(b) is large in frugivores but small in folivores; furthermore scaling slopes are higher in frugivores than in folivores. A gross estimate of dietary quality explains much of the variation in V(b) that is not explained by body size. Gape adaptations might favor habitually large bites for frugivores and small ones for folivores. More data are required for several feeding variables and for wild populations.
Authors:
Jonathan M G Perry; Adam Hartstone-Rose
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  142     ISSN:  1096-8644     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-12     Completed Date:  2010-10-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  625-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Anatomy, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA. jperry@midwestern.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Basal Metabolism
Body Weight / physiology*
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Female
Fruit
Male
Mandible / anatomy & histology*
Mastication
Particle Size
Phylogeny
Regression Analysis
Strepsirhini* / anatomy & histology,  metabolism,  physiology
Vegetables

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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