Document Detail


Maximizing selection efficiency for categorical traits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7592076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Genetic improvement of categorically recorded traits is hampered because information content of categorical records is low and ordinary linear breeding value estimation methods do not apply theoretically. The ordinary animal or linear mixed model (LMM), which ignored the categorical nature of the trait, is compared to a generalized linear mixed model (GLMMp) that assumes a linear mixed model for an underlying continuous variable. The GLMMp takes full account of the categorical nature of the trait and is a straightforward extension of LMM. In a closed nucleus breeding scheme (e.g., cattle, pigs, or poultry), rates of genetic gain increased by 1 to 2%, when GLMMp was used instead of LMM. Rates of genetic gain increased by 7 to 20%, when the best sires were used on the best herds (i.e., when there was some confounding between sire and herd effects). When considering a binary trait (e.g., disease incidence) initial incidences of 25% could be reduced to 2.8% within 10 generations of selection. Rates of gain can be increased by up to 84% by gathering more information on high-incidence categories (i.e., by dividing these categories into subcategories). Subdividing low-incidence categories (e.g., splitting diseased animals into moderately and severely diseased) hardly increased rates of gain. Direct recording of the underlying variable, which requires uncovering of the physiological background of the categorical trait, yielded 109 to 278% more genetic gain than selection for a binary trait.
Authors:
T H Meuwissen; B Engel; J H van der Werf
Related Documents :
20688376 - A behavioural scale to measure ease of farrowing in sows.
19164676 - The quality of commercial wheat silages in israel.
19134076 - Genetic variation and genetic trends in hip and elbow dysplasia in swedish rottweiler a...
6936106 - Diagonal half-mouth recording of restorative and exodontic needs.
12220076 - A layer-specific three-dimensional model for the simulation of balloon angioplasty usin...
24469316 - Cell-based in vitro blood-brain barrier model can rapidly evaluate nanoparticles' brain...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1995 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-11-30     Completed Date:  1995-11-30     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1933-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
DLO Institute of Animal Science and Health, AM Zeist, The Netherlands.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Breeding*
Cattle / genetics*
Female
Linear Models
Male
Models, Biological
Poultry / genetics*
Selection, Genetic*
Stochastic Processes
Swine / genetics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Divergent selection for blood serum insulin-like growth factor I concentration in beef cattle: I. No...
Next Document:  Effect of divergent selection for postweaning average daily gain on front-end soundness of market-we...