Document Detail

Maximizing performance feedback effectiveness through videotape replay and a self-controlled learning environment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9421839     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study was designed to examine whether participants who could control the schedule of performance feedback (KP) would learn differentially from those who received a rigid feedback schedule while learning a complex task. Participants (N = 48) were randomly assigned to self-controlled KP (SELF), summary KP (SUMMARY), yoked control (YOKE), or knowledge of results only (KR) conditions. Data collection consisted of an acquisition phase and a 4-day retention phase during which right-handed participants performed a left-handed ball throw. Overall, throwing form improved across trial blocks during acquisition, with the SUMMARY, SELF, and YOKE groups showing more improvement than the KR group. During retention, the SELF group retained a higher level of throwing form and accuracy in comparison to the other groups. Results suggest that when given the opportunity to control the feedback environment, learners require relatively less feedback to acquire skills and retain those skills at a level equivalent to or surpassing those who are given more feedback but receive it passively.
C M Janelle; D A Barba; S G Frehlich; L K Tennant; J H Cauraugh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research quarterly for exercise and sport     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0270-1367     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Publication Date:  1997 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-13     Completed Date:  1998-03-13     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006373     Medline TA:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Florida, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Biofeedback, Psychology / methods*
Knowledge of Results (Psychology)
Learning / physiology*
Motor Skills / physiology*
Video Recording*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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