Document Detail


Maximizing the Therapeutic Window of an Antimicrobial Drug by Imparting Mitochondrial Sequestration in Human Cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21322645     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The number of antimicrobial agents available for use in humans is limited by the difficulty of discovering chemical agents with selective toxicity to bacterial targets. Numerous small molecule inhibitors have potential as antimicrobial agents, yet their use has been prevented by high levels of toxic cross-reactivity in human cells. For example, methotrexate (Mtx) is an effective antimetabolite that exerts its effects by inhibiting DHFR. It is a potent antibacterial when accumulated intracellularly, but toxicity in human cells limits clinical utility in infectious disease treatment. Here, we describe peptide conjugates of Mtx that are sequestered into the mitochondria of human cells (mt-Mtx). This alteration in localization of Mtx, which directs it away from its enzyme target, decreases its toxicity in human cells by a factor of 10(3). Mt-Mtx, however, maintains activity against a variety of pathogenic Gram-positive organisms, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The results from this proof-of-principle study describe a novel methodology for augmenting the antibacterial efficacy of drugs amenable to peptide conjugation while simultaneously decreasing their toxicity to the host organism.
Authors:
Mark P Pereira; Shana O Kelley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Chemical Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5126     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503056     Medline TA:  J Am Chem Soc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, and Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto , Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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