Document Detail

Maximal mechanical power during a taper in elite swimmers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16960526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Insight regarding the fluctuations in neuromuscular function among athletes during a taper is lacking. PURPOSE: This study examined the time course of changes in maximal mechanical power (Pmax), torque at power maximum (T), velocity at power maximum (V), and swim performance (m x s(-1)) that occur during the taper. METHODS: Using an arm ergometer with inertial loading, measurements were made during the week prior to the initiation of the taper (high volume, HV), during the 2- to 3-wk period of the taper (taper), and during the week of peak competition (peak) in 24 male competitive collegiate swimmers. Subjects were divided into groups that tapered to peak performance at either the conference (CONF, N = 13) or national (NAT, N = 11) championship competitions. RESULTS: CONF increased Pmax 10.2% (P < 0.01) and swim performance 4.4% (P < 0.001). NAT increased Pmax by 11.6% (P < 0.01), T by 7.4% (P < 0.02), and swim performance by 4.7% (P < 0.001). Pmax displayed a biphasic increase with approximately 50, 5, and 45% of the total increase occurring during the first, second, and third weeks of the taper, respectively. The biphasic response was the most common response among individual swimmers. Swimming performance was significantly correlated to both power and torque (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In summary, maximal arm power measured using inertial load ergometry increased largely during the first and third weeks after training volume was tapered for peak performance in elite collegiate swimmers.
Joel D Trinity; Matthew D Pahnke; Edwin C Reese; Edward F Coyle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-09-08     Completed Date:  2006-12-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1643-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ergometry / methods*
Exercise Test / methods
Muscle Strength / physiology*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Swimming / physiology*

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