Document Detail

Maximal expiratory flows generated by rapid chest compression following end-inspiratory occlusion or expiratory clamping in young children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7744200     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Partial forced expiratory flow-volume curves obtained by the rapid chest compression technique are being widely used to assess pulmonary function in infants and young children. The aim of this study is to assess whether in this age group flow limitation is achieved with the partial forced expiratory flow-volume curve with rapid chest compression. In eight infants and young children sedated with chloral hydrate, flow-volume curves were obtained by regular rapid chest compression technique, end-inspiratory airway occlusion prior to rapid chest compression, and expiratory clamping prior to rapid chest compression. In each technique, beginning with a cuff pressure of 20 cmH2O, the cuff pressure was increased by 10 cmH2O increments until the compression pressure reached 90 cmH2O. Maximal flow-volume curves were generated by each technique. End-inspiratory occlusion prior to rapid chest compression caused higher flows over the entire phase of expiration than the regular rapid chest compression. This increase could be observed over the entire phase of expiration. Forced expiratory flow at 50% and at 75% of vital capacity (V50 and V75) with regular rapid chest compression were 207 +/- 44 ml.s-1 (mean +/- SD) and 138 +/- 59 ml.sec-1, respectively. When end-inspiratory occlusion preceded rapid chest compression, V50 and V75 increased to 283 +/- 114 and 206 +/- 61 ml.sec-1 respectively, with a mean increase in V50 of 34% and in V75 of 31%. When expiratory clamping preceded the compression, even higher expiratory flows resulted.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
E Kerem; J Reisman; S Gaston; H Levison; A C Bryan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  1995 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-06-14     Completed Date:  1995-06-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Pulmonary and Cystic Fibrosis Clinic, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Lung Volume Measurements
Maximal Expiratory Flow Rate
Respiratory Function Tests* / methods
Comment In:
Eur Respir J. 1995 Sep;8(9):1627-8   [PMID:  8575597 ]

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