Document Detail


Maximal exercise limitation in functionally overreached triathletes: role of cardiac adrenergic stimulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24925979     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Functional overreaching (F-OR) induced by heavy load endurance training programs has been associated with reduced heart rate values both at rest and during exercise. Because this phenomenon may reflect an impairment of cardiac response, this research was conducted to test this hypothesis. Methods and Results: Thirty-five experienced male triathletes were tested (11 control and 24 overload subjects) before overloading (Pre), immediately after overloading (Mid) and after a 2-week taper period (Post). Physiological responses were assessed during an incremental cycling protocol to volitional exhaustion, including catecholamine release, oxygen uptake (VO2), arteriovenous O2 difference, cardiac output (Q), systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Twelve subjects of the overload group developed signs of F-OR at Mid (decreased performance with concomitant high perceived fatigue), while 12 others did not (acute fatigue group, AF). VO2max was reduced only in F-OR subjects at Mid. Lower Q and SBP values with greater arteriovenous O2 difference were reported in F-OR subjects at all exercising intensities, while no significant change was observed in the control and AF groups. A concomitant decrease in epinephrine excretion was reported only in the F-OR group. All values returned to baseline at Post. Conclusion: Following an overload endurance training program leading to F-OR, the cardiac response to exhaustive exercise is transiently impaired, possibly due to reduced epinephrine excretion. This finding is likely to explain the complex process of underperformance syndrome experienced by F-OR endurance athletes during heavy load programs.
Authors:
Yann LE Meur; Julien Louis; Anaël Aubry; Jacques Gueneron; Aurelien P Pichon; Karine Schaal; Jean-Benoit Corcuff; Stephane N Hatem; Richard Isnard; Christophe Hausswirth
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1601     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014, Journal of Applied Physiology.
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