Document Detail


Maximal aerobic capacity at several ambient concentrations of CO at several altitudes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3215869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To assess the nature of the combined effect of the hypoxias of altitude (ALT) and CO exposure, 11 men and 12 women nonsmokers served as subjects in a double-blind experiment. The exposure conditions were four ambient CO levels (0, 50, 100, and 150 ppm) at each of four ALT (55, 1,524, 2,134, and 3,048 m). Each subject, after attaining the required ALT and ambient CO level, performed a maximal aerobic capacity test (VO2max). Blood samples were obtained before, at 50-W, 100-W, 150-W, and maximum work loads and at the 5th min of recovery. Blood were analyzed for hemoglobin, hematocrit, plasma proteins, lactates, and carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO). VO2max was similar at 55 and 1,524 m and decreased by 4 and 8% from the 55-m value at 2,134 and 3,048 m, respectively. On the basis of all statistical analyses, we concluded that VO2max values measured in men were only slightly diminished due to increased ambient CO. HbCO attained at maximum was highest at 55 m and lowest at 3,048 m. Women's HbCO concentrations were lower than men's. At maximal work loads CO shifted into extravascular spaces and returned to the vascular space within 5 min after exercise stopped. The independence of altitude and CO hypoxias on parameters of the maximum aerobic capacity test and a decrease in the CO to HbCO uptake with increasing altitude were demonstrated and attributed in part to the decrease in driving pressure of CO at altitude.
Authors:
S M Horvath; J F Bedi; J A Wagner; J Agnew
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  65     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1988 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-03-09     Completed Date:  1989-03-09     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2696-708     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Institute of Environmental Stress, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Air Pollutants / toxicity*
Altitude*
Anoxia / metabolism
Carbon Monoxide / toxicity*
Carboxyhemoglobin / metabolism
Female
Humans
Male
Oxygen Consumption / drug effects*
Physical Exertion
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 9061-29-4/Carboxyhemoglobin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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