Document Detail


Mating patterns and reproductive wastage in commercial lowland ewes in west Somerset.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8972069     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The reproductive performance of 5488 ewes in 34 commercially managed, lowland flocks in west Somerset was assessed by means of a questionnaire survey and flock inspections. The introduction of vasectomised rams before the breeding season (teasing) markedly affected the proportions of ewes mated in the first 16 days after the introduction of fertile rams. In teased flocks, 84.7 per cent (range 37.8 to 100 per cent) of the ewes were mated in the first 16 days, compared with 43.8 per cent (range 2.9 to 100 per cent) in unteased flocks (P < 0.0001). Conception rates to first service and the overall percentage of ewes that conceived were similar in the teased and unteased flocks (89.3 per cent vs 92.6 per cent and 99.2 per cent vs 99.4 per cent, respectively). The overall mean (1.59) and range (1.31 to 2.04) litter size, mean (146 per cent) and range (123 to 196 per cent) lambing percentage and mean (94.6 per cent) and range (88.7 to 100 per cent) proportion of live lambs were similar in the teased and unteased flocks. The causes of reproductive failure were anoestrus (0.3 per cent), failure to conceive after multiple matings (0.3 per cent), visible abortion (2.4 per cent) and barren, that is, failing to lamb (3.4 per cent). The total reproductive loss rate was therefore 6.4 per cent of all ewes. Further non-reproductive losses occurred as a result of culling (0.3 per cent) and death during pregnancy (1.5 per cent).
Authors:
K C Smith; K L Morgan; T J Parkinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary record     Volume:  139     ISSN:  0042-4900     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Rec.     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-03-11     Completed Date:  1997-03-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031164     Medline TA:  Vet Rec     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  563-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Breeding / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
England
Female
Male
Pregnancy
Questionnaires
Reproduction*
Sexual Behavior, Animal*
Sheep*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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