Document Detail

Maternal use of antibiotics and cancer in the offspring: results of a case-control study in Germany.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20390445     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: As previous results were inconsistent, we assessed the association between maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy or 3 months before conception and childhood cancer in the offspring in a large case-control study in Germany. METHODS: This population-based study on potential risk factors for childhood cancer was conducted by the German Childhood Cancer Registry (GCCR) and included a total of 1,867 registered cancer cases aged 0-14, diagnosed between October 1992 and September 1994. A total of 2,057 controls were randomly drawn from population registries, matched by age, gender, and region. Conditional logistic regression models for frequency-matched datasets were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Positive statistically significant associations with self-reported maternal antibiotic use were observed for acute lymphoid leukemia (based on 59 mothers exposed to antibiotics, OR = 1.47; 95% CI: 1.06-2.04), acute myeloid leukemia (18 exposed, OR = 3.21; 95% CI: 1.83-5.62), and Burkitt lymphoma (three exposed, OR = 5.89; 95% CI: 1.47-23.69), but not other cancer types. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide some support for the hypothesis that maternal use of antibiotics increases the risk of cancer in the offspring. Although recall bias is a concern, it is unlikely that this fully explains the observed effect. Further, the observed associations might be related to the underlying infections.
Peter Kaatsch; Ulrike Scheidemann-Wesp; Joachim Schüz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer causes & control : CCC     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1573-7225     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Causes Control     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-21     Completed Date:  2010-11-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100846     Medline TA:  Cancer Causes Control     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1335-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
German Childhood Cancer Registry, 55101 Mainz, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*,  adverse effects
Case-Control Studies
Child, Preschool
Germany / epidemiology
Maternal Exposure*
Neoplasms / epidemiology*,  etiology
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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