Document Detail


Maternal treatments with corticosteroids and/or T3 change lung volumes and rupture pressures in preterm rabbits.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3179374     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Pregnant does were treated with betamethasone, T3, the combination of beta-methasone and T3 or vehicle control on days 24 and 25 of gestation. At 26 days gestational age, pressure-volume curves and lung rupture pressures and volumes were measured in the various groups of rabbits randomized to receive saline or surfactant by tracheal injection. Alveolar wash and lung tissue quantities of saturated phosphatidylcholine were comparable across the hormone-treated and control groups. Corticosteroids increased maximal lung volumes more than did T3. Corticosteroids augmented the lung volumes of surfactant-treated lungs more than did T3, and no additive effects on lungs treated with both hormones and surfactant were noted. Both corticosteroids and surfactant decreased lung rupture pressures from 51.7 +/- 4.1 to about 44 cm H2O. T3 decreased lung rupture pressure to 48.9 +/- 3.9 cm H2O and the combination of T3 and corticosteroids resulted in rupture pressures comparable to T3 alone. There were no additive effects of the combined use of T3 and corticosteroids and T3 antagonized the decreased lung rupture pressures caused by corticosteroids. While T3 did not alter the increase in lung volumes noted with corticosteroids, lung structure as assessed by lung rupture was differentially affected by the two hormones.
Authors:
T ElKady; A Jobe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biology of the neonate     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0006-3126     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Neonate     Publication Date:  1988  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-12-22     Completed Date:  1988-12-22     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0247551     Medline TA:  Biol Neonate     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, UCLA School of Medicine, Torrance.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Betamethasone / pharmacology*
Female
Fetal Organ Maturity / drug effects
Gestational Age
Lung / drug effects,  embryology*
Lung Volume Measurements
Maternal-Fetal Exchange*
Pregnancy
Pressure
Pulmonary Surfactants / pharmacology
Rabbits
Rupture
Triiodothyronine / pharmacology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD-20618/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pulmonary Surfactants; 378-44-9/Betamethasone; 6893-02-3/Triiodothyronine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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