Document Detail

Maternal smoking during pregnancy and criminal offending among adult offspring.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21081311     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although a number of previous studies have reported an association between maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSP) and externalising behaviour problems among offspring, it has been suggested that this relationship is spurious due to the failure of these studies to properly account for important confounding factors.
METHODS: The relationship between MSP and adult criminal offending was examined using data from 3766 members of the Providence, Rhode Island, cohort of the Collaborative Perinatal Project. Information on MSP and most potential confounders was collected prospectively throughout pregnancy. In 1999-2000 all offspring had reached 33 years of age and an adult criminal record check was performed. Because previous research has been criticised for not properly accounting for confounding influences, our primary aim was to determine whether the MSP-criminal offending relationship held after efficiently adjusting for a wide range of sociodemographic and family background characteristics using propensity score methods.
RESULTS: The association between MSP and adult criminal offending remained after controlling for propensity scores. Offspring of mothers who smoked heavily during pregnancy (≥20 cigarettes per day) had the greatest odds of an adult arrest record (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.62). Findings also suggest that MSP may be an independent risk factor for adult criminal histories marked by multiple arrests. Lastly, our findings show that the impact of MSP operates similarly across both genders.
CONCLUSION: Results from this study provide evidence of an association between heavy MSP and long-term criminal offending. Any causal association is likely to be weak to moderate in strength.
Angela D Paradis; Garrett M Fitzmaurice; Karestan C Koenen; Stephen L Buka
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of epidemiology and community health     Volume:  65     ISSN:  1470-2738     ISO Abbreviation:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-08     Completed Date:  2012-02-16     Revised Date:  2014-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909766     Medline TA:  J Epidemiol Community Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1145-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Adult Children / psychology*
Crime / statistics & numerical data*
Criminals* / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Follow-Up Studies
Logistic Models
Maternal Behavior*
Pregnancy Complications
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
Propensity Score
Prospective Studies
Rhode Island / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects*,  epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Grant Support
K08 MH070627/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; K08 MH070627/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH078928/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; P50 CA084719/CA/NCI NIH HHS; P50 CA084719/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01 AG023397/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 AG023397-02/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 MH078928/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; T32 MH017119/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; T32 MH017119-24A2/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; T32 MH17119/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  The impact of 20 mph traffic speed zones on inequalities in road casualties in London.
Next Document:  A survey of combinatorial methods for phylogenetic networks.