Document Detail

Maternal self-efficacy and experimentally manipulated infant difficulty effects on maternal sensory sensitivity: a signal detection analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16173875     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The impact of differences in maternal self-efficacy and infant difficulty on mothers' sensitivity to small changes in the fundamental frequency of an audiotaped infant's cry was explored in 2 experiments. The experiments share in common experimental manipulations of infant difficulty, a laboratory derived measure of maternal efficacy (low, moderate, and high illusory control), and the use of signal detection methodology to measure maternal sensory sensitivity. In Experiment 1 (N = 72), easy and difficult infant temperament was manipulated by varying the amount of crying (i.e., frequency of cry termination) in a simulated child-care task. In Experiment 2 (N = 51), easy and difficult infant temperament was manipulated via exposure to the solvable or unsolvable pretreatment of a learned helplessness task to mirror mothers' ability to soothe a crying infant. In both experiments, only mothers with high illusory control showed reduced sensory sensitivity under the difficult infant condition compared with the easy infant condition.
Wilberta Donovan; Lewis Leavitt; Nicole Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Developmental psychology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0012-1649     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev Psychol     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-21     Completed Date:  2006-01-10     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260564     Medline TA:  Dev Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  784-98     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2005 APA, all rights reserved.
Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 53705, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Infant Behavior / psychology
Maternal Behavior / psychology*
Mother-Child Relations
Mothers / psychology*
Self Efficacy*
Sensory Thresholds*
Signal Detection, Psychological*
Grant Support

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