Document Detail

Maternal self-concept and breastfeeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18535303     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To test the hypothesis that mothers with high self-concept will be more likely to breastfeed their infants than those with lower self-concept, 2 cohorts of mothers of term newborns were assessed by different forms of the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale. In study 1, mothers exclusively breastfeeding at 1 month postpartum had significantly higher self-concept than those exclusively formula feeding. In study 2, exclusively breastfeeding mothers had higher scores for total self-concept compared with those exclusively formula feeding. Exclusively breastfeeding mothers also scored higher on several individual dimensions of self-concept, notably those reflecting self-satisfaction, behavior, moral worth, value as a family member, and physical appearance. Mothers partially breastfeeding had intermediate levels of self-concept in both studies. Even after controlling for demographic and social factors and for breastfeeding initiation in regression analyses, self-concept remained significantly associated with exclusive breastfeeding in both studies. Thus, compared with mothers who exclusively formula feed their infants, exclusively breastfeeding mothers have higher levels of self concept.
John R Britton; Helen L Britton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2008-06-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0890-3344     ISO Abbreviation:  J Hum Lact     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-31     Completed Date:  2008-12-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709498     Medline TA:  J Hum Lact     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  431-8     Citation Subset:  N    
Department of Neonatology, Exempla St Joseph Hospital, 1835 Franklin Street, Denver, CO 80218, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding / psychology*
Cohort Studies
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology
Infant, Newborn
Mothers / psychology*
Self Concept*
Young Adult

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