Document Detail

Maternal risk factors associated with low birth weight.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8244503     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Maternal factors comprising of social, obstetric and anthropometric are found to influence LBW. The present study had found association between obstetric risk factors like age of the mother, parity and gravida with LBW. Similar association was also observed between maternal height, and maternal weight with LBW. However, social factors were not found to be associated with LBW. This could probably be due to RUHSA's intervention which requires a further inquiry.
Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the major causes of high mortality and morbidity rates, and may indicate that a baby did not remain in utero long enough or that it did not develop well enough. A multifactorial interrelationship exists between the environment in which pregnant mothers live and the growth of the fetus. A primary health care intervention program has been implemented by the RUSHA Department of Christian Medical College and Hospital since 1977 in the rural villages of K.V. Kuppam block of Tamil Nadu in southern India. Adopting a case-control approach with mothers who delivered LBW babies as the cases and mothers who delivered normal birth weight (NBW) infants as the controls, the authors investigated the association between maternal factors and birth weight. Birth weight monitoring records for 1990-91 yielded relevant information for 53 LBW and 49 NBW mothers. Analysis found a definite association between maternal factors and birth weight. Specifically, mothers under 20 years old, mothers residing in tiled houses rather than in terraced or thatched houses, primigravid mothers, primipara mothers, mothers shorter than 150 cm, and mothers weighing less than 45 kilograms delivered more LBW babies. Social factors were not, however, found to be associated with LBW. This may be due to RUSHA's intervention which requires a further inquiry
N Amin; R Abel; V Sampathkumar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0019-5456     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:    1993 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-01-03     Completed Date:  1994-01-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-74     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
RUHSA Department, Christian Medical College & Hospital, North Arcot Ambedkar District, Tamil Nadu.
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MeSH Terms
Case-Control Studies
India / epidemiology
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Age
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors

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