Document Detail

Maternal risk factors and anaemia in pregnancy: a prospective retrospective cohort study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20143970     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Anaemia in pregnancy is still a concern during the reproductive period, as it is associated with increased maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. This study examined the maternal risk factors associated with increased prevalence of anaemia among antenatal and postnatal women. A prospective-retrospective cohort approach was carried out among 1,077 antenatal and 1,000 postnatal women. The haemoglobin was estimated using the cyanmethaemoglobin method. The maternal factors included were age, parity, education, socioeconomic status, spacing, history of bleeding, worm infestation, period of gestation, knowledge regarding anaemia in pregnancy, food selection ability and compliance to iron supplementation. Of the 1,077 antenatal women studied, 540 were anaemic. Among the 1,000 postnatal women, the prevalence was 537 (53.7%). The high prevalence was strongly associated with low socioeconomic status (OR 1.409 [1.048-1.899]; p < 0.023) which affected their knowledge and health seeking behaviour in both the groups. Hence it can be concluded that empowering women in terms of education and economic status is the key factor in combating anaemia in pregnancy to prevent the vicious cycle of associated problems.
J A Noronha; A Bhaduri; H Vinod Bhat; A Kamath
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1364-6893     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-10     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309140     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  132-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
College of Nursing, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia / epidemiology*
India / epidemiology
Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / epidemiology*
Prospective Studies
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Young Adult

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