Document Detail

Maternal postpartum vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in infancy: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20522482     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: Maternal postpartum vitamin A supplementation (VAS) provides an opportunity to improve vitamin A nutriture of breast fed infants in developing countries and can possibly prevent infant mortality and morbidity attributable to vitamin A deficiency.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of maternal postpartum VAS on infant mortality, morbidity and adverse effects.
DESIGN: Systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials.
DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases and abstracts and proceedings of micronutrient conferences.
REVIEW METHODS: Randomized or quasi-randomized, placebo-controlled trials evaluating the effect of postpartum, maternal synthetic VAS on mortality or morbidity within infancy (<1 year), or adverse effects.
RESULTS: The seven included trials were from developing countries. There was no evidence of a reduced risk of mortality during infancy [relative risk (RR) 1.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.92-1.20, P = 0.438; I² = 0%, P = 0.940]. No variable emerged as a significant predictor of mortality but data for high-risk groups (high maternal night blindness prevalence and low birth weights) was restricted. Neonatal mortality data was available from a single study, (RR 1.09, 95% CI 0.88-1.35; P = 0.422). In two trials, there was no evidence of a reduced risk of cause-specific mortality. In one trial, there was no evidence of a decrease in either diarrhoea or acute respiratory infection. No adverse effects were reported in the single relevant trial.
CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence of a mortality or morbidity benefit to the infant following postpartum maternal VAS. Only prevention of infant morbidity or mortality would be sufficient justification for initiating this intervention in public health programmes.
Siddhartha Gogia; Harshpal S Sachdev
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of epidemiology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1464-3685     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802871     Medline TA:  Int J Epidemiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1217-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Max Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
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MeSH Terms
Comment In:
Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Oct;39(5):1395-6   [PMID:  20864442 ]
Int J Epidemiol. 2010 Oct;39(5):1227-8   [PMID:  20724454 ]

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