Document Detail


Maternal and neonatal profile of late-preterm survivors in a poorly resourced country.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21604999     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective. To determine maternal indicators and adverse perinatal outcomes among late-preterm infants during birth hospitalization in a low-income country. Methods. Cross-sectional study of late-preterm and term survivors in a tertiary maternity hospital in southwest Nigeria using multivariable logistic regression analysis and population attributable risk (PAR) percentage. Adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of significant factors are stated. Results. Of 4176 infants enrolled, 731 (17.5%) were late preterm and 3445 (82.5%) were full-term. Late-preterm delivery was independently associated with mothers who were unmarried (OR: 1.71, CI: 1.06-2.75), lacked formal education (OR: 1.75, CI: 1.06-2.89), human immunodeficiency virus positive (OR: 1.61, CI: 1.17-2.20), with hypertensive disorders (OR: 3.07, CI: 2.32-4.08), antepartum hemorrhage (OR: 3.66, CI: 1.97-6.84), and were unlikely to have induced labor (OR: 0.010, CI: 0.01-0.69). Hypertensive disorders and antepartum hemorrhage had a combined PAR of 48.4%. Infants born late preterm were more likely to have low 5-min Apgar scores (OR: 1.70, CI: 1.01-2.83), sepsis (OR: 1.62, CI: 1.05-2.50), hyperbilirubinemia (OR: 1.56, CI: 1.05-2.33), admission into special care baby unit (OR: 1.85, CI: 1.38-2.48), and nonexclusive breast-feeding (OR: 1.49, CI: 1.49, CI: 1.18-1.89). Conclusions. These findings suggest that late-preterm infants in low-resource settings are at risk of severe morbidity and suboptimal feeding. Education and close monitoring of high-risk mothers are warranted to prevent avoidable late-preterm delivery and facilitate the proactive management of unavoidable late-preterm births.
Authors:
Bolajoko O Olusanya; Olumuyiwa A Solanke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Community Health and Primary Care, University of Lagos , Lagos , Nigeria.
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