Document Detail

Maternal mortality in a maternity hospital in Turkey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7660764     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: To determine the leading causes of maternal mortality in a large maternity hospital and to define priorities regarding this subject throughout Turkey. METHODS: Retrospective, institutional study among 100,531 live births between 1983 and 1992. RESULTS: Seventeen maternal deaths took place in this institution. Thus, the overall maternal mortality ratio was 16.9 per 100,000. The leading causes of maternal mortality were hemorrhage in seven (41.2%) and pulmonary embolism in six (35.3%) patients. The majority of deaths were observed in the 25-29 and 30-34 age groups and in patients with parity more than two. CONCLUSION: The relatively low figure of 16.9/100,000 for maternal mortality may be seen as a promising health index. However, obstetric hemorrhage is still the leading cause of this series. Pregnant women less than 20 years old and greater than 35 years old, and grand multiparous women as well as women with hypertension and heart disease are at high mortality risk. The observation of such cases demands further efforts for improved obstetric care in the hospital and throughout Turkey.
During 1983-1992 in Turkey, 17 maternal deaths occurred out of 100,531 live births at the Zubeyde Hanim Maternity Hospital in Ankara for a maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of 16.9/100,000 live births. Hemorrhage (41.2%) and pulmonary embolism (35.3%) were the leading causes of maternal death. Cases referred to the hospital after home deliveries accounted for 57% of the hemorrhage-related deaths. Other causes of maternal death were eclampsia (11.7%), puerperal infection (5.9%), and heart failure attributed to rheumatic heart disease (5.9%). The MMR fell over time from 22.6 (1983-1984) to 12.8 (1991-1992). Women younger than 20 and those 35 and older suffered from the highest MMRs. MMR increased with parity (8 for primigravida, 10 for parity 1-2, 27.3 for parity 3-4, and 62.1 for parity =or 5). Cesarean delivery was associated with a higher MMR than vaginal delivery (44.7 vs. 14.1). This association was likely a result of pregnancy complications that led to a cesarean section rather than the cesarean section itself.
R A Tuncer; S Erkaya; T Sipahi; I Kutlar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0001-6349     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Publication Date:  1995 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-10-05     Completed Date:  1995-10-05     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370343     Medline TA:  Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  604-6     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Z?beyde Hanim Maternity Hospital, Section of Obstetrics, Altinda?, Ankara, Turkey.
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MeSH Terms
Maternal Age
Maternal Mortality*
Middle Aged
Postpartum Hemorrhage / mortality*
Pregnancy Complications / mortality*
Puerperal Infection / mortality*
Pulmonary Embolism / mortality*
Turkey / epidemiology

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