Document Detail

Maternal mortality in Utah.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9469273     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine trends in maternal deaths in Utah, identify opportunities for preventive intervention, and analyze the mechanism of reporting maternal deaths. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of maternal death certificates and medical records in Utah from January 1, 1982, through December 31, 1994. RESULTS: Sixty-two maternal deaths were identified. The risk of maternal death increased with maternal age and parity. The classic triad of hemorrhage (n = 8), infection (n = 5), and preeclampsia-eclampsia (n = 3) remains an important contributor (16 of 62 or 25.8%). However, trauma (n = 10), pulmonary embolism (n = 10), and maternal cardiac disease (n = 9) now account for 46.8% (29 of 62) of maternal deaths. A greater number of direct obstetric causes of maternal death (n = 20) were deemed preventable than indirect obstetric causes (n = 1) or nonobstetric causes (n = 4). CONCLUSION: Trauma, pulmonary embolism, and maternal cardiac disease have emerged as the most common identifiable causes of maternal death. Improvements in prevention, earlier diagnosis, and aggressive treatment of these conditions are necessary to achieve the Public Health Service year 2000 objective of a 50% reduction in maternal mortality ratios (using the 1987 ratio as a baseline).
S Jacob; L Bloebaum; G Shah; M W Varner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-25     Completed Date:  1998-02-25     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  187-91     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine and Utah Department of Health, Salt Lake City 84132, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death
Maternal Mortality*
Utah / epidemiology

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