Document Detail

Maternal mortality in Northern Nigeria: a population-based study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12860333     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and causes of maternal mortality as well as its temporal distribution over the last decade (1990-1999). STUDY DESIGN: All maternal deaths recorded within the study period in the State of Kano, Northern Nigeria, were analyzed. Maternal mortality ratios (MMR) were computed using the Poisson assumption to derive confidence intervals around the estimates. A non-linear regression model was fitted to obtain the best temporal trajectory for MMR across the decade of study. RESULTS: A total of 4154 maternal deaths occurred among 171,621 deliveries, yielding an MMR of 2420 deaths per 100,000. Eclampsia, ruptured uterus and anemia were responsible for about 50% of maternal deaths. CONCLUSION: We found one of the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world. Maternal mortality could be reduced by half at study site with effective interventions targeted to prevent deaths from eclampsia, ruptured uterus and anemia.
Yusuf M Adamu; Hamisu M Salihu; Nalini Sathiakumar; Greg R Alexander
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  109     ISSN:  0301-2115     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-15     Completed Date:  2004-04-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  153-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Geography, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Anemia / mortality*
Eclampsia / mortality*
Maternal Mortality / trends*
Nigeria / epidemiology
Population Surveillance*
Pregnancy Complications / mortality*
Retrospective Studies
Uterine Rupture / mortality*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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