Document Detail

Maternal mortality in China, 1996-2005.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20471015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend in maternal mortality ratio (MMR), characteristics and causes of maternal deaths, and factors influencing the MMR in China between 1996 and 2005. METHODS: Data used in this study are based on the nationwide maternal mortality surveillance system. Trend in MMR and cause-specific mortality were analyzed using the Cochran-Armitage trend test. RESULTS: From 1996 to 2005, MMR was higher in rural areas than in urban areas; and highest in remote areas followed by inner lands and coastal regions. The overall MMR in China decreased from 64.1 per 100000 live births in 1996 to 47.6 per 100000 live births in 2005. MMR in rural areas, remote areas, and coastal regions showed a decreasing trend. The leading causes of maternal death were obstetric hemorrhage, pregnancy-induced hypertension, and amniotic fluid embolism. The mortality ratio of obstetric hemorrhage in rural areas and remote areas reduced significantly (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The MMR in China displayed regional differences. Declines in rural areas and remote areas resulted from well-targeted programs by the Chinese government. Future interventions are recommended to target causes of maternal death.
Juan Liang; Jun Zhu; Li Dai; Xiaohong Li; Mingrong Li; Yanping Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-05-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1879-3479     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Gynaecol Obstet     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-12     Completed Date:  2010-10-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0210174     Medline TA:  Int J Gynaecol Obstet     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
National Office for Maternal and Child Health Surveillance, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
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MeSH Terms
China / epidemiology
Maternal Mortality / trends*
Population Surveillance*
Rural Population / statistics & numerical data

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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