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Maternal microchimerism in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21912719     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) shares many immunologic and clinical characteristics with graft versus host disease caused by allogeneic T lymphocytes after hematopoietic cell transplantation. Since maternal cells are known to enter the fetal circulation in a high proportion of pregnancies, we hypothesized that maternal engraftment in the fetus results in immune sequelae that can lead to IBD. METHOD: The presence and extent of maternal microchimerism in tissues and blood samples from patients with Crohn's, Ulcerative colitis (UC), and control groups were determined using kinetic Polymerase Chain Reaction (kPCR) to detect maternal- and patient-specific HLA types. In addition, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was employed to detect maternal cells in biopsies from patients with IBD. RESULTS: Using kPCR, maternal microchimerism was observed in 9 of the 16 (56%) patients with IBD and 6 out of 15 of the control group (40%) (P=NS). Five of 10 Crohn's patients had evidence of maternal microchimerism (50%) (P=NS). Four of six UC patients had evidence of maternal microchimerism in gut tissues (67%) (P=NS). There was no correlation between maternal michrochimerism and disease activity, disease location or granulomas in patients with IBD. Using FISH, five male Crohn's and five male UC patient's intestinal biopsies were analyzed for maternal microchimerism. No maternal cells were identified. CONCLUSION: There is nothing in the data to suggest that patients with IBD differ from disease controls in their frequency of maternal microchimerism in either blood or gut mucosal tissues. These data suggest that maternal microchimerism in blood and biopsies is a relatively common phenomenon that has neither positive nor negative impact on IBD.
Authors:
David L Suskind; Denice Kong; Anne Stevens; Ghassan Wahbeh; Denise Christie; Lee-Ann Baxter-Lowe; Marcus O Muench
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chimerism (Print)     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1938-1964     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 4 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101540510     Medline TA:  Chimerism     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  50-54     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics; Seattle Children's Hospital; University of Washington; Seattle, WA USA.
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