Document Detail

Maternal knowledge of infant feeding guidelines and label reading behaviours in a population of new mothers in San Francisco, California.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19888918     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal nutrition knowledge and maternal socio-demographics including participation in the Special Supplemental Women, Infants and Children's (WIC) Program. A cross-sectional study of new mothers at two San Francisco hospitals was conducted using some of the American Academy of Pediatrics' guidelines in a structured questionnaire to assess maternal nutritional knowledge. Maternal nutritional attitudes towards product nutrient labels were also assessed in a questionnaire format. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the odds of having high maternal nutrition knowledge and of infrequently reading nutrition labels. In multivariate logistic regression models, higher maternal nutrition knowledge (defined as answering all four nutrition questions correctly) was associated with higher income levels defined as > or =$25 000/year, odds ratio (OR) 10.03 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.51-66.74), and in linear models, higher nutritional knowledge was associated with having more children (P < 0.01), a higher income (P = 0.01) and not being a WIC participant (P < 0.01). Mothers with higher incomes were also more likely to read product nutritional labels OR 4.24, 95% CI (1.24-14.51), compared with mothers with lower incomes as were mothers with higher education levels OR 3.32, 95% CI (1.28-8.63). In San Francisco, lower income mothers are at greatest risk for low maternal nutrition knowledge and not reading product nutritional labels. Higher household income was independently associated with increased maternal nutrition knowledge and likelihood of reading nutritional labels. More comprehensive interventions need to target low-income mothers including current WIC participants to help close the nutritional advantages gap conferred by income and education.
Janet M Wojcicki; Roberto Gugig; Suganya Kathiravan; Kate Holbrook; Melvin B Heyman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Maternal & child nutrition     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1740-8709     ISO Abbreviation:  Matern Child Nutr     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-05     Completed Date:  2010-09-16     Revised Date:  2014-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101201025     Medline TA:  Matern Child Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Ethnic Groups
Food Labeling*
Guidelines as Topic*
Health Education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Infant Food
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Logistic Models
Maternal Behavior*
San Francisco
Social Class
Grant Support
K24 DK060617/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; K24 DK060617-02/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; T32 DK007762/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; T32 DK007762-28/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS

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