Document Detail

Maternal cocaine use and caregiving status: group differences in caregiver and infant risk variables.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16837139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study examined differences between cocaine and non-cocaine-using mothers, and between parental and non-parental caregivers of cocaine-exposed infants on caregiver childhood trauma, psychiatric symptoms, demographic, and perinatal risks. Participants included 115 cocaine and 105 non-cocaine mother-infant dyads recruited at delivery. Approximately 19% of cocaine mothers lost custody of their infants by 1 month of infant age compared to 0.02% of non-cocaine mothers. Mothers who used cocaine during pregnancy had higher demographic and obstetric risks. Their infants had higher perinatal risks. Birth mothers who retained custody of their infants had higher demographic risks and perinatal risks, higher childhood trauma, and higher psychiatric symptoms compared to birth mothers who did not use cocaine and non-parental caregivers of cocaine-exposed infants. Results highlight the importance of addressing childhood trauma issues and current psychiatric symptoms in substance abuse treatment with women who engaged in substance use during pregnancy.
Rina D Eiden; Audra Foote; Pamela Schuetze
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2006-07-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Addictive behaviors     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0306-4603     ISO Abbreviation:  Addict Behav     Publication Date:  2007 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-09     Completed Date:  2007-03-29     Revised Date:  2014-09-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603486     Medline TA:  Addict Behav     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  465-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Case-Control Studies
Child Abuse / psychology
Child Development
Cocaine-Related Disorders / psychology*
Foster Home Care / psychology*
Infant Care / psychology,  standards*
Infant, Newborn
Risk Assessment / methods
Social Behavior Disorders
Grant Support
1R01DA013190-01A2/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA013190/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 DA013190-01A2/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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