Document Detail

Maternal birthplace, ethnicity, and low birth weight in California.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9811289     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although immigrants to the United States are usually ethnic minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged, foreign-born women generally have lower rates of low birth weight infants than do US-born women. OBJECTIVE: To measure the relationship between maternal birthplace, ethnicity, and low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of birth certificate data. SETTING: California, 1992. SUBJECTS: Singleton infants (n = 497 868) born to Asian, black, Latina, and white women. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Very low birth weight (500-1499 g), moderately low birth weight (1500-2499 g), and normal birth weight (2500-4000 g, reference category). RESULTS: Foreign-born Latina women generally had less favorable maternal characteristics than US-born Latinas, yet foreign-born Latina women were less likely to have moderately low birth weight infants (odds ratio, 0.91; 95% confidence interval, 0.86-0.96) than US-born Latinas after adjusting for maternal age, education, marital status, parity, tobacco use, use of prenatal care, and gestational age. While foreign-born Asian women generally had a less favorable profile of maternal characteristics than US-born Asians, there was no statistically significant difference in the odds of very low birth weight or moderately low birth weight infants between foreign- and US-born Asian women. Foreign-born black women had more favorable maternal characteristics than US-born women, but there was no significant nativity difference in very low birth weight or moderately low birth weight between foreign- and US-born black women after adjusting for maternal and infant factors. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between maternal birthplace and low birth weight varies by ethnicity. Further study is needed to understand the favorable pregnancy outcomes of foreign-born Latina women.
E Fuentes-Afflick; N A Hessol; E J Pérez-Stable
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine     Volume:  152     ISSN:  1072-4710     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Publication Date:  1998 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-11-23     Completed Date:  1998-11-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422751     Medline TA:  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1105-12     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Medical Effectiveness Research Center for Diverse Populations, Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco 94110, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
California / epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Emigration and Immigration*
Ethnic Groups*
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*
Pregnancy Outcome / ethnology*
Retrospective Studies
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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