Document Detail

Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and fetal startle behaviour.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12127010     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The startle behaviour of the fetus (both spontaneous and elicited) was examined in fetuses of mothers who drank alcohol and mothers who did not. Fetuses exposed to alcohol showed a higher frequency of spontaneous startles and were less likely to exhibit a normal startle in response to a vibroacoustic stimulus. These differences illustrate a teratogenic effect of alcohol on CNS functioning in utero, possibly associated with brainstem damage.
Jennifer F Little; Peter G Hepper; James C Dornan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiology & behavior     Volume:  76     ISSN:  0031-9384     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol. Behav.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-07-19     Completed Date:  2003-02-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0151504     Medline TA:  Physiol Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  691-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Fetal Behaviour Research Centre, School of Psychology, Queen's University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT7 INN, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Central Nervous System Depressants / pharmacology*
Ethanol / pharmacology*
Fetus / physiology*
Observer Variation
Pregnancy / physiology*
Startle Reaction / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Depressants; 64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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