Document Detail

Maternal Weight Gain in Pregnancy and Risk of Obesity among Offspring: A Systematic Review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25371815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objectives. To systematically review the evidence from prospective and retrospective cohort studies on the association between gestational weight gain (GWG) and offspring's body weight. Methods. Electronic databases PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Academic Search Premiere were searched from inception through March 18, 2013. Included studies (n = 23) were English articles that examined the independent associations of GWG with body mass index (BMI) and/or overweight status in the offspring aged 2 to 18.9 years. Two authors independently extracted the data and assessed methodological quality of the included studies. Results. Evidence from cohort studies supports that total GWG and exceeding the Institute of Medicine maternal weight gain recommendation were associated with higher BMI z-score and elevated risk of overweight or obesity in offspring. The evidence of high rate of GWG during early- and mid-pregnancy is suggestive. Additionally, the evidence on inadequate GWG and net GWG in relation to body weight outcomes in offspring is insufficient to draw conclusions. Conclusions. These findings suggest that GWG is a potential risk factor for childhood obesity. However, findings should be interpreted with caution due to measurement issues of GWG and potential confounding effects of shared familial characteristics (i.e., genetics and maternal and child's lifestyle factors).
Erica Y Lau; Junxiu Liu; Edward Archer; Samantha M McDonald; Jihong Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  REVIEW     Date:  2014-10-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obesity     Volume:  2014     ISSN:  2090-0716     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obes     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-6    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101526295     Medline TA:  J Obes     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  524939     Citation Subset:  -    
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