Document Detail

Maternal vitamin D status and small-for-gestational-age offspring in women at high risk for preeclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24463662     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between second-trimester maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and risk of small for gestational age (SGA) in singleton live births.
METHODS: We assayed serum samples at 12-26 weeks of gestation for 25-hydroxyvitamin D in a sample of participants in a multicenter clinical trial of low-dose aspirin for the prevention of preeclampsia in high-risk women (n=792). Multivariable log-binomial regression models were used to assess the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of SGA (birth weight less than the 10 percentile for gestational age) after adjustment for confounders including maternal prepregnancy obesity, race, treatment allocation, and risk group.
RESULTS: Thirteen percent of neonates were SGA at birth. Mean (standard deviation) 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations were lower in women who delivered SGA (57.9 [29.9] nmol/L) compared with non-SGA neonates (64.8 [29.3] nmol/L, P=.028). In adjusted models, 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations of 50-74 nmol/L and 75 nmol/L or greater compared with less than 30 nmol/L were associated with 43% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.33-0.99) and 54% (95% CI 0.24-0.87) reductions in risk of SGA, respectively. Race and maternal obesity each modified this association. White women with 25-hydroxyvitamin D 50 nmol/L or greater compared with less than 50 nmol/L had a 68% reduction in SGA risk (adjusted risk ratio 0.32, 95% CI 0.17-0.63) and nonobese women with 25-hydroxyvitamin D 50 nmol/L or greater compared with less than 50 nmol/L had a 50% reduction in SGA risk (adjusted risk ratio 0.50, 95% CI 0.31-0.82). There was no association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of SGA in black or obese mothers.
CONCLUSION: Maternal vitamin D status in the second trimester is associated with risk of SGA among all women and in the subgroups of white and nonobese women.
Alison D Gernand; Hyagriv N Simhan; Steve Caritis; Lisa M Bodnar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  123     ISSN:  1873-233X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-01-27     Completed Date:  2014-03-18     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  40-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Birth Weight*
Fetal Growth Retardation / blood
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
Observational Study as Topic
Pre-Eclampsia / blood,  prevention & control
Pregnancy Trimester, Second
Vitamin D / blood*
Young Adult
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
1406-16-2/Vitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Preterm birth rates in a prematurity prevention clinic after adoption of progestin prophylaxis.
Next Document:  Three-year risk of cervical precancer and cancer after the detection of low-risk human papillomaviru...