Document Detail

Maternal mental health and its association with infant growth at 6 months in ethnic groups: results from the Born-in-Bradford birth cohort study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22348019     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with infant growth up to 6 months, with a particular focus on maternal distress, and to explore the effect of ethnicity on any relation between maternal distress and infant growth.
METHODS: Cohort study recruiting White and Pakistani women in the United Kingdom (UK). Infant growth was measured at birth and 6 months. Standard assessment of mental health (GHQ-28) was undertaken in pregnancy (26-28 weeks gestation) and 6 months postpartum. Modelling included social deprivation, ethnicity, and other known influences on infant growth such as maternal smoking and alcohol consumption.
RESULTS: Maternal distress improved markedly from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum. At both times Pakistani women had more somatic and depression symptoms than White women. Depression in pregnancy (GHQ subscale D) was associated with lower infant growth at 6 months. Self-reported social dysfunction in pregnancy (GHQ subscale C) was associated with lower gestational age.. Pakistani women reported higher GHQ scores during pregnancy associated with smaller infants at birth. They lived in areas of higher social deprivation, reported less alcohol consumption and smoking postnatally, all independent influences on growth at 6 months.
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal mental health in pregnancy is an independent influence on infant growth up to 6 months and is associated with ethnicity which was itself associated with deprivation in our sample. There is a complex relationship between symptoms of maternal distress, ethnicity, deprivation, health behaviours, and early infant growth. Measures should include both emotional and somatic symptoms and interventions to reduce risks of poor early growth need to include psychological and social components.
Gemma D Traviss; Robert M West; Allan O House
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-02-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  PloS one     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1932-6203     ISO Abbreviation:  PLoS ONE     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-20     Completed Date:  2012-07-31     Revised Date:  2014-10-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101285081     Medline TA:  PLoS One     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e30707     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking
Birth Weight*
Child Development*
Cohort Studies
Depressive Disorder / complications,  etiology
Ethnic Groups / psychology
Great Britain / epidemiology
Maternal Welfare / ethnology*
Mental Health / ethnology*
Pakistan / ethnology
Risk Factors
Socioeconomic Factors
Grant Support
14135//Cancer Research UK; PB-PG-0408-16119//Department of Health; RP-PG-0407-10044/PG/OAPP OPHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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