Document Detail


Maternal Exposure to High Temperatures Disrupts OCT4 mRNA Expression of Rabbit Pre-Implantation Embryos and Endometrial Tissue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23043275     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the effect of prolonged high heat stress on reproductive performance and its relationship with gene expression in pre-implantation embryos and endometrial tissue. In experiment 1, primiparous rabbit does were divided into two environments: control does (maintained between 14 and 22°C) and heat-treated does housed in a climatic chamber (maintained between 25 and 35°C). Females were reproducing, and the litter size and live born kits were assessed at 2nd and 3rd partum. In heat-treated does, lower litter size (9.7 ± 0.48 and 11.4 ± 0.50) and fewer live born kits (7.2 ± 0.55 and 10.2 ± 0.57) were observed, although similar ovulation rates and numbers of pre-implantation embryos were noted. In experiment 2, after 3rd partum multiparous non-lactating does from each experimental group were used to obtain pre-implantation embryos and endometrial tissue. mRNA transcripts from OCT-4, VEGF, erbB3, Ifn-ɣ, HSP70 and HSP90 were analysed by real-time qPCR. Higher values of OCT-4 expression were observed in embryos and endometrial tissue in females reproduced under heat conditions. Moreover, elevated temperatures have been shown to up-regulate VEGF in embryos and down-regulate Ifn-ɣ in endometrial tissue. The findings suggest a deleterious temperature effect on litter size and live born kits as a consequence of variation in gene expression pattern of the pre-implantational embryo and the endometrium associated with proliferation and differentiation and probably with implantation and uterine and foetal development during gestation.
Authors:
F Marco-Jiménez; C Naturil-Alfonso; Ds Peñaranda; E Jiménez-Trigos; Fj García-Diego; Js Vicente
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-0531     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Domest. Anim.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015668     Medline TA:  Reprod Domest Anim     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Affiliation:
Institute of Science and Animal Technology (ICTA), Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, Spain.
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