Document Detail


Material suppliers and industrial metabolism.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19005794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is not sufficiently tailored to the analysis of strategic environmental problems of material suppliers. Sustainable development calls for a reduction by a factor of 10 to 20 in the material intensity of the economy, a situation which leads to dramatic shifts in markets for raw materials. Furthermore, a material supplier might have major improvement options in the material's numerous downstream uses. LCAs, however, can't cover these two aspects. An adapted form of Substance Flow Analysis (SFA) may be an answer. This approach defines a system in relation to the flow of a specific material through society. All environmental interventions related to the material are inventoried. An emission evaluation indicates the dominant environmental bottlenecks, given the current market volume of each application of the material. This helps to identify improvement options and strategic choices in market portfolios. Scenario analysis on potential measures can further indicate changes of material flows - and thus markets - in the system. The approach is illustrated with a case study on chlorine.
Authors:
A Tukker; A S Jasser; R Kleijn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science and pollution research international     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0944-1344     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Sci Pollut Res Int     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9441769     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Pollut Res Int     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-20     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
TNO Centre for Technology and Policy Studies, P.O. Box 541, NL-7300, AM Apeldoorn, The Netherlands, Tukker@stb.tno.nl.
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