Document Detail


Matching analysis of socially appropriate and destructive behavior in developmental disabilities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16814982     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined socially appropriate and destructive behavior in unconstrained natural environments using a matching law analysis (MLA) of real time observational data. The participants were two school-age children and one adult with mild to moderate cognitive disabilities. Event lagged sequential analysis (SQA) provided the obtained rates of staff attention to socially appropriate and inappropriate behaviors, which were then used in the matching law equations. For one participant the matching analysis showed a high (72%) variance-accounted-for (VAF) in behavior allocation in response to attention. For a second participant, matching analysis conducted on behavior allocation in response to staff attention showed lower (50%) VAF by staff attention. In the third case, the MLA also showed high (94%) VAF by attention. Suggestions for future extensions of matching analysis to clinically significant behavior and the limitations of the MLA for evaluating functional relationships in natural environments are discussed.
Authors:
John Hoch; Frank J Symons
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-07-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0891-4222     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Dev Disabil     Publication Date:    2007 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-06     Completed Date:  2007-06-29     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  238-48     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Educational Psychology, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Aggression / psychology*
Analysis of Variance
Attention
Child
Conduct Disorder / diagnosis*,  psychology,  rehabilitation
Female
Humans
Least-Squares Analysis
Male
Mental Retardation / diagnosis*,  psychology,  rehabilitation
Middle Aged
Observer Variation
Rehabilitation, Vocational
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Social Behavior*
Social Environment*
Videotape Recording
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
35682//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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