Document Detail


The Mastodon in the room: how Darwinian is neo-Darwinism?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21300319     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Failing to acknowledge substantial differences between Darwinism and neo-Darwinism impedes evolutionary biology. Darwin described evolution as the outcome of interactions between the nature of the organism and the nature of the conditions, each relatively autonomous but both historically and spatially intertwined. Furthermore, he postulated that the nature of the organism was more important than the nature of the conditions, leading to natural selection as an inevitable emergent product of biological systems. The neo-Darwinian tradition assumed a creative rather than selective view of natural selection, with the nature of the organism determined by the nature of the conditions, rendering the nature of the organism and temporal contingency unnecessary. Contemporary advances in biology, specifically the phylogenetics revolution and evo-devo, underscore the significance of history and the nature of the organism in biology. Darwinism explains more biology better, and better resolves apparent anomalies between living systems and more general natural laws, than does neo-Darwinism. The "extended" or "expanded" synthesis currently called for by neo-Darwinians is Darwinism.
Authors:
Daniel R Brooks
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-01-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1879-2499     ISO Abbreviation:  Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9810965     Medline TA:  Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  82-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
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