Document Detail

Masticatory performance in patients with anterior disk displacement without reduction in comparison with symptom-free volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12664463     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Masticatory function can be impaired by craniomandibular disorders. The aim of this study was to assess masticatory performance in patients with an anterior disc displacement (ADD) without reduction. In the experiments, 29 patients and 33 age- and gender-matched volunteers chewed artificial test food for 60 chewing strokes. The collected remains of the test food were filtered, dried, fractionated by a sieving procedure, and weighed. The particle size distribution was then described using a cumulative distribution function. Patients and controls were clinically examined, and patients were asked to complete a pain questionnaire. Comparison with controls, patients showed significantly reduced masticatory performance. Patients that had had a disorder longer than 3 yr tended to display less reduction of their masticatory performance. Neither the treatment methods used, nor restriction of daily life activities or pain intensity were significantly correlated with masticatory performance. Jaw mobility was significantly reduced in patients. More than half of the patients and none of the controls had joint noises and trigger points in the masticatory muscles. Pain was present, in particular, during chewing and maximal opening of the mouth. It was concluded that patients with ADD without reduction have a significantly reduced masticatory performance.
Ingrid Peroz; Sonja Tai
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of oral sciences     Volume:  110     ISSN:  0909-8836     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Oral Sci.     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-31     Completed Date:  2003-05-27     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504563     Medline TA:  Eur J Oral Sci     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-4     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Humboldt-University of Berlin, Department of Dental Prosthetics and Oral Gerontology, Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living
Case-Control Studies
Craniomandibular Disorders / physiopathology
Dislocations / physiopathology*,  therapy
Mandible / physiopathology
Mastication / physiology*
Masticatory Muscles / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Occlusal Splints
Pain Measurement
Particle Size
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Statistics, Nonparametric
Temporomandibular Joint Disk / physiopathology*
Time Factors

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