Document Detail

Master of surgery in Archiv für Klinische Chirurgie.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20221626     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: After the routine use of ether narcosis and surgical antisepsis, the evolution of surgery experienced fascinating and genuinely surgical technique-related advancements. Surgeons from Germany contributed strongly to the upturn of operative treatment in the second half of the nineteenth century.
DISCUSSION: B. von Langenbeck inaugurated in 1852 an osteosynthese device in a patient with pseudoarthrosis. He is credited to be the very first in introducing the principle of fixateur externe. Th. Billroth performed in 1873 the first extirpation of the larynx in a patient with a malignant tumor. Postoperatively, the patient was cared with an artificial larynx. The first successful resection of the distal stomach inaugurated by Th. Billroth in 1881 was later called the Billroth II procedure. Rydygier from Kulm and Billroth from Wien are the first who successfully performed resection of the lower part of the stomach with anastomosis to the duodenum (Billroth I type of resection). In 1883, Th. Kocher from Bern reported 101 cases of thyroidectomy, the largest single-surgeon experience. L. Rehn from Frankfurt did in 1887 the first successful suturing of a beating heart to repair a large stab wound. A. Braun, Königsberg presented in 1892 his techniques of side-to-side anastomosis of the intestine to avoid a circular intestinal anastomosis. F. Sauerbruch from Breslau published in 1904 his thoracotomy chamber with space for two surgeons opening routine access to intrathoracic tissues protecting pulmonary ventilation during surgery. W. Kausch from Berlin reported in 1912 about three successful pancreatic head resections for peripapillary cancer. The first successful pancreatic head resection was performed in 1909 in a patient with a cancer of the papilla. The patient survived for a long term.
H G Beger; F Gansauge
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Langenbeck's archives of surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie     Volume:  395 Suppl 1     ISSN:  1435-2451     ISO Abbreviation:  Langenbecks Arch Surg     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-02     Completed Date:  2010-08-03     Revised Date:  2013-05-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808285     Medline TA:  Langenbecks Arch Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  17-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Universitätsklinik Ulm, Steinhövelstrasse 9, Ulm, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Fracture Fixation, Internal / history*
Gastroenterostomy / history*
General Surgery / history*
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Laryngectomy / history*
Larynx, Artificial / history*
Periodicals as Topic / history*
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Bernhard von Langenbeck; Billroth

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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