Document Detail


Massive decline in lung liquid before vaginal delivery at term in the fetal lamb.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9500478     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the volume of liquid remaining in the lungs of the fetal lamb just before a normal vaginal delivery at term to assess the extent to which an excess of liquid in the airspaces might contribute to the respiratory morbidity that accompanies elective cesarean delivery. STUDY DESIGN: The volume of liquid in the future airspace of the lungs was determined at the end of labor in eight fetal lambs at term from the dilution of an impermeable tracer (125I-labeled human serum albumin) mixed into the liquid. This volume was compared with that measured in a second group of 10 fetal lambs studied 7 days before the expected date of delivery (term = 147 days). RESULTS: The volume of lung liquid present at the end of labor was 6.8 +/- 1.0 ml x kg(-1) (n = 8) compared with 28.2 +/- 1.8 ml x kg(-1) (n = 10) in the second group of lambs studied before the onset of labor at 140 days of gestation. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the bulk (>75%) of the liquid that fills the lungs of the fetal lamb at 140 days of gestation is cleared at some time before normal term birth, suggesting that the adverse respiratory impact of elective cesarean delivery may be largely explained by denying the fetus this important adaptive mechanism.
Authors:
P J Berger; M A Kyriakides; J J Smolich; C A Ramsden; A M Walker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  178     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1998 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-03-19     Completed Date:  1998-03-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  223-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Reproduction and Development, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Body Fluids / physiology*
Female
Gestational Age
Humans
Labor, Obstetric*
Lung / embryology*,  physiology
Pregnancy
Serum Albumin, Radio-Iodinated
Sheep
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Serum Albumin, Radio-Iodinated

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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